Multiwave: Doppler Effect Based Gesture Recognition in Multiple Dimensions


We constructed an acoustic, gesture-based recognition system called Multiwave, which leverages the Doppler Effect to translate multidimensional movements into user interface commands. Our system only requires the use of two speakers and a microphone to be operational. Since these components are already built in to most end user systems, our design makes gesture-based input more accessible to a wider range of end users. By generating a known high frequency tone from multiple speakers and detecting movement using changes in the sound waves, we are able to calculate a Euclidean representation of hand velocity that is then used for more natural gesture recognition and thus, more meaningful interaction mappings. We present the results of a user study of Multiwave to evaluate recognition rates for different gestures and report accuracy rates comparable to or better than the current state of the art. We also report subjective user feedback and some lessons learned from our system that provide additional insight for future applications of multidimensional gesture recognition.

In Proceedings of the 2016 CHI Conference Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems, ACM.